The equal protection clause in the 14th Amendment means that states must treat all their citizens equally. States cant favor men over women, whites over blacks, or heterosexuals over gays.
What does US Constitution say about equality?
A person may not have his or her rights restricted in any way, or be granted any privileges, on the basis of his or her sex, race, nationality, language, origin, social status, religion, convictions, or opinions. The Fifth and 14th Amendments of the U.S. Constitution guarantee legal equality as well.
What is Article 14 of the Constitution?
Article 14 requires that all of the rights and freedoms set out in the Act must be protected and applied without discrimination. Article 14 is based on the core principle that all of us, no matter who we are, enjoy the same human rights and should have equal access to them.
Is human equality in the Constitution?
The Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution guarantees that All persons born or naturalized in the United States are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.
What does the 14th Amendment provide for?
Passed by the Senate on June 8, 1866, and ratified two years later, on July 9, 1868, the Fourteenth Amendment granted citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the United States, including formerly enslaved people, and provided all citizens with “equal protection under the laws,” extending the provisions of ...
What is the 4th Amendment in simple terms?
The Constitution, through the Fourth Amendment, protects people from unreasonable searches and seizures by the government. The Fourth Amendment, however, is not a guarantee against all searches and seizures, but only those that are deemed unreasonable under the law.
What are the six freedoms?
There are six fundamental rights (Article 12 - 35) recognised by the Indian constitution : the right to equality (Articles 14-18), the right to freedom (Articles 19-22), the right against exploitation (Articles 23-24), the right to freedom of religion (Articles 25-28), cultural and educational rights (Articles 29-30) ...
Is Article 14 available to foreigners?
The Fundamental Rights guaranteed by Articles 14, 20, 21, 21A, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27 and 28 are available to all persons whether citizens or foreigners. The Fundamental Rights guaranteed by Articles 15, 16, 19, 29, and 30 are available only to citizens of India.
What are the 10 freedoms?
Bill of Rights - The Really Brief Version1Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition.7Right of trial by jury in civil cases.8Freedom from excessive bail, cruel and unusual punishments.9Other rights of the people.10Powers reserved to the states.5 more rows
What does Section 3 of the 14th Amendment mean?
Amendment XIV, Section 3 prohibits any person who had gone to war against the union or given aid and comfort to the nations enemies from running for federal or state office, unless Congress by a two-thirds vote specifically permitted it.
What is considered an illegal search and seizure?
What is Illegal Search and Seizure? An illegal or unreasonable search and seizure performed by a law enforcement officer is conducted without a search warrant or without probable cause to believe that evidence of a crime is present.
What does the Fourth Amendment require the police to do?
According to the Fourth Amendment, the people have a right “to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures.” This right limits the power of the police to seize and search people, their property, and their homes.
What are the six freedoms given in Article 19?
Article 19 of the Indian constitution mentions six freedoms that are available to the citizens of India: (a) Freedom of speech and expression (b) Freedom to assemble peacefully and without arms (c) Freedom to form Associations and Unions (d) Freedom to move freely throughout the territory of India (e) Freedom to reside ...
What is Article 21 of the Indian constitution?
Article 21 of Constitution of India: Protection of Life and Personal Liberty. Article 21 states that “No person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to a procedure established by law.” Thus, article 21 secures two rights: Right to life, and. 2) Right to personal liberty.
Does the Citizenship Amendment Act CAA violate Articles 13 & 14?
The CAA violates Article 14 of the Constitution, which guarantees equal protection of laws, even to non-citizens. On 10 January, the central government notified the Citizenship (Amendment) Act 2019, or CAA, bringing the controversial new law into force.
What are the exceptions to Article 19?
Union of India. Article 19(2) - An Exception to Article 19(1): It is however pertinent to mention that, freedom of speech and expression of press is not absolute but is qualified by certain clearly defined limitations under Article 19(2) in the interests of the public.